Knitting Abbreviations

KNITTING ABBREVIATIONS knitting-abbreviations.png

Why are there knitting abbreviations? To shorten the amount of time it takes to read (and write!) knitting patterns, designers use popular abbreviations to help writing easier. They may seem cryptic when you first see them, but after a while you'll be able to glance at a full row and know exactly what the designer wants you to do. The following are the most popular knitting abbreviations used. Occasionally, designers will use their own abbreviations. Most often, the designer will include a list of abbreviations at the beginning or end of their pattern.

Abbreviation Description
[ ] work instructions within brackets as many times as directed
( ) work instructions within parentheses in the place directed
* repeat instructions following the asterisk as directed
alt alternate
approx approximately
beg begin/beginning
bet between
BO bind off
CC contrasting color
cm centimeter(s)
cn cable needle
CO  cast on 
cont  continue 
dec decrease, decreases, decreasing 
dpn double pointed needle(s)
fl  front loop(s)
foll follow, following
g gram
inc increase, increases, increasing
k or K  knit
k2tog knit 2 stitches together
kwise  knitwise 
LH left hand
lp(s) loop(s)
m meter(s)
M1  make one increase
MC  main color
oz ounce(s)
p or P  purl
patt pattern(s)
pm place marker
pop popcorn
p2tog purl 2 stitches together
prev  previous 
psso pass slipped stitch over
pwise purlwise 
rem remain, remaining 
rep repeat(s)
rev st st reverse stockinette stitch 
RH right hand
rnd(s)  round(s)
RS right side
sk skip
skp slip, knit, pass slipped stitch over - one stitch decreased 
sk2p slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slipped stitch over the k2tog - two stitches decreased
sl slip
sl1k slip one knitwise
sl1p slip one purlwise
sl st slip stitch(es) 
ssk slip, slip, knit these 2 stitches together - 1 decrease
sssk slip, slip, slip, knit these 3 stitches together - 2 stitches decreased
st(s) stitch(es)
st st stockinette stitch
tbl through back loop
tog together
WS wrong side
wyib with yarn in back
wyif with yarn in front
yd(s) yard(s)
yfwd yarn forward
yo yarn over